News & Insights
September 4th, 2019
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An Inverted Yield Curve Does Not Mean Imminent Recession

An Inverted Yield Curve Does Not Mean Imminent Recession

Market volatility is back on the rise again. This time, investors are worried about an imminent recession. Their main concern – an inverted yield curve.

What is an inverted yield curve?

When short term yields like a 1 or 2 year bond yield is higher than a longer term bond yield, such as the 10-year bond. There are many different maturities for government bonds, but a typical yield curve compares the 10-year treasury yield verse a 2-year treasury yield.

Back in the spring other ‘yield curves’ inverted which led to a 6.6% drop in the S&P 500. Recently, the above defined 10 year-2 year (10Y-2Y) yield curve inverted, briefly, and the market again dropped 6%.

Yes, historically, yield curve  inversion has been a good recession signal. Since 1976, five of six instances of a 10Y-2Y yield curve inversion preceded a U.S. recession by about 16 months.

However, according to Ned Davis Research, a yield curve inversion alone in not a sufficient condition for a U.S. recession.

As the U.S. economy has become more service based, a key factor for recession risk occurs when financial conditions tighten (cost and availability of credit for household and businesses going up) and/or the weakness in the manufacturing sector of the economy spreads to the services sector of the economy. 

Historically, a yield curve inversion has been followed by lower stock market returns (chart to the left) and slower economic growth in the U.S. a year later.

However, when the Federal Reserve is cutting rates (which they are currently doing), the stock market and economy have performed better.


Principle Wealth Partners, LLC is a registered investment advisor. Information contained in this report is for informational purposes only and should not be considered investment advice or recommendations. Advice may only be provided after entering into an advisory agreement with Advisor.